Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous series of islands a short distance off the coast of Tanzania. Zanzibar Island is the main island with the capital Stone Town on the western side. Stone Town has been designated a World Heritage Site for its manifestation of cultural fusion and its importance in the abolishment of slavery.
Due to its location, off the East Coast of Africa, for centuries Zanzibar was a stopping off place for the trade routes between Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Its culture reflects this eclectic mix of influences.
In the nineteenth century, the sultanate of Zanzibar controlled the slave trade in East Africa. Stone Town therefore became the base of the campaign to abolish slavery by, among others, Dr David Livingstone.
Today, Zanzibar is a vibrant place, its beaches popular with tourists and famous for its spice plantations producing cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper.